Thursday, April 20, 2017

Planet of the Apes TV Series Blogging: "Escape from Tomorrow" (September 13, 1974)

In the fall of 1974, the Planet of the Apes film franchise moved to CBS network television for fourteen hour long episodes.  Considering that a new film in the series, War on the Planet of the Apes (2017) is coming in a few short months, I thought it might be nice to revisit the series now.

Planet of the Apes - the series - featured the continuing adventures of human astronauts Alan Virdon (Ron Harper) and Pete Burke (Jim Naughton), in the far-flung year of 3085 (starting March 21, 3085, if we're to believe the spaceship chronometer...) on a world run by intelligent, talking simians.

In "Escape from Tomorrow," the introductory episode written by Art Wallace and directed by Don Weis, we begin with an old man (in a bad wig) being pursued by a child chimpanzee and his pet dog in a rural setting.

My first thought watching this sequence was that it was an apparent canon violation since Conquest of the Planet of the Apes had established that a space plague had arrived on Earth in the late 20th century and killed off all the cats and dogs. It was the death of "beloved pets," in fact, that led humans to enslave apes...which would then lead to the uprising of the gorillas, chimpanzees and orangutans.

This fact seems like something that the producers of the series should have taken care to remember, since it is a lynch pin of apes continuity.  On the other hand, this sequence occurs a thousand years after the plague, so I suppose it is possible that "life has found a way," (to quote the Jurassic Park films), and dogs have re-entered the chain of life on Earth.

Putting aside this sloppy faux pas, the story continues as the old man hears a strange aircraft overhead and then finds the crash site of a spaceship in a nearby field.

He rescues two astronauts (Virdon and Burke), but the third (Jones) is dead. When the shaken, disoriented astronauts awaken, the old man explains to the humans that apes rule this planet and that humans (who still have the power of speech here) are inferior underlings.

Alan immediately wants to find a way to return home to his family (a wife and son). He recounts how the ship experienced radioactive turbulence near Alpha Centauri and he ordered Jones to activate the homing beacon. Burke is more defeatist. "This is home now, and you know it," he says. His words, however, carry a double meaning even he is not aware of.

After the Old Man presents the astronauts with a book of pictures from New York City in the year 2505 (another troublesome continuity point that contradicts the movies...), the astronauts realize that they have returned home indeed; that the planet of the Earth.

As the episode progresses, Alan and Pete meet Galen (Roddy McDowall) a friendly chimpanzee and member of the ape aristocracy who possesses many misconceptions about human beings, never having gotten to really know any.

Worse, the astronauts face off with Urko (Mark Lenard), the chief security officer in Ape City who wants them dead. Now. Chief Counselor Zaius (Booth Colman) is willing to keep the astronauts alive, if only to learn of their technology and find a way to keep them from influencing the primitive humans of his world. Zaius is worried that the astronauts' love of freedom and independence will transfer to the indigenous humans and foster an uprising.

In this episode's scenes with Zaius and Urko, the writers accomplish something interesting and forward-thinking for episodic television in 1974. They began to develop - from this first episode - series mysteries that presumably would have been solved had the series lasted more than half-a-season.

For instance, during a confidential tete-a-tete, Zaius asks Galen "did you ever have a recurring nightmare?" He then launches into a discussion of the fact that other human astronauts have arrived on the planet before (and again, it can't be the characters [like Taylor or Brent] we saw in the original films, because those events occurred in 3978...almost a thousand years after the events of the TV series).

"Another ship, Zaius," states Urko, "it's hard to believe."

One can imagine that had the series lasted, viewers would have heard much more about these other astronauts and their (apparently-not-very-pleasant...) adventures on the planet of the apes. If that had been the case, the series would have been all the stronger for it.

"Escape from Tomorrow" ends with Virdon, Burke and Galen allied and on the run, while Ape forces destroy their spacecraft.

Fortunately for the humans, Virdon has recovered a small magnetic computer disk from the ship which -- if they can find a computer in this post apocalyptic topsy-turvy world -- might help them find a way back to their time.

Future episodes involve the triumvirate traveling from one human province to another, in search of technology that can help them return to the Earth of the past.

In the episode "The Legacy," the humans find working computers and a hologram of a 'future' human in a nearly destroyed 20th century city, but still aren't able to glean the information they require for a trip home.

The original Planet of the Apes films serve as brilliant social commentary on the turbulent late 1960's and early 1970's. They concern (among other things): nuclear war, man's self-destructive nature, and the pitfalls and total hypocrisy of religious zealotry.

By contrast, the television series limits its commentary to one fascinating subject: the issue of race relations, of a class society separated by race and species.

This is an important point, considering this was the era after the Watts Riots and the Camden Riots (1971). The Civil Rights Movement was coming to an end for all intents and purposes, and suddenly here's a sci-fi TV show about "species" stereotypes and irrational, implacable biases.

"Escape from Tomorrow" is illuminating in the language it utilizes to describe humans, here deemed the "lesser" or "inferior" class. Both humans themselves and the ruling apes make pervasive derogatory comments in "Escape from Tomorrow" that we -- living today -- would certainly understand as bigoted or as examples of stereotypes.

"Humans know their place," one chimpanzee prefect notes, "that musn't change. They'd begin to think they're as good as we are..."

A nearby village, Chollo, is described (by a human...) as "the village where humans are supposed to live," in other words, a ghetto.

Galen describes humans as "laborers, farmers and servants" -- migrant workers, essentially -- and was always taught to believe that they are an inferior breed. To suggest otherwise is heresy and treason on this world. But Galen is inquisitive and smart and looks beyond the stereotypes, finally.

His experience with Alan and Burke makes him realize that human beings have feelings and dreams and hopes too. He asks Zaius's human serf what it is "like to be human" and then confronts Zaius after he learns that human beings have a history of technical and scientific achievement. "Why Zaius?" He asks. "Why should truth be against the law?"

Galen also suggests that "maybe the world would be better if no creature" were deemed superior to another. This point-of-view makes him a strong ally for the fugitive astronauts, but his objective, inquisitive nature also makes him a radical and fugitive among his own people. 

Another element of the Planet of the Apes series also seems to derive from another 1970's real life source: Watergate.

Namely, Zaius and Urko engage in a secret cover-up to destroy the spaceship and keep knowledge of the astronauts a secret from the general populace. In other words, the ape ruling class is working against its people (both human and simian).

The apes live in a rigidly conservative or traditional society here, one where the status quo must remain intact at all costs, and the aristocracy lives in mortal dread of losing control, of seeing their imposed "natural" order change. "Heresy" and "treason" are common accusations for those who reject ape dogma. The idea of a cover-up and an authoritarian government (it's legal if the president says its legal...) surely reflect the era of Nixon's imperial presidency. All of that was coming to a head in 1974 America as this series aired.

Yet too often on the Planet of the Apes TV series, the story lines and plot details felt uninspired and repetitive. It all usually came down to one of the three heroes captured by the apes and then rescued by the other two cohorts before the hour was up.

And yet, I remember this series with tremendous fondness and affection because it possesses a great deal of value in terms of depicting a society separated by class and race. By putting white humans in the inferior position, the series makes quite a few trenchant points.

Ultimately, that's the purpose of good science fiction, to comment on society, and here the set-up is nearly Swiftian. On top of these elements, the series features good actors and a modestly well-drawn future world, thanks in part to the costumes left over from the feature films and the occasional use of stock footage (for Ape City exteriors, for instance).

I suppose to enjoy the Planet of the Apes series to its fullest, you must forgive the repetitive, action-oriented storytelling a bit and be willing to look for the underlying points, the subtext.

These factors are present in most episodes (especially "The Trap," one that finds a gorilla and a human -- Urko and Burke -- trapped in an underground subway system together...), but also just a tiny resonance in quite a few programs.  If this series had lasted more than half-a-season, perhaps we would have seen the underlying social commentary rise to the surface more frequently.

I hope you'll join me as I blog the entire series. Next week: "The Gladiators."


  1. Have not seen this one in a long, long time. Loved Roddy McDowall as Cornelius, as Caesar and even here as Galen...though the series was far inferior to the film series, which I have on Blu-Ray.

    I even got to meet Roddy himself a few years before he died. He was a great photographer as well as actor...

    Enjoyign your blog - I just subscribed.

  2. John, I am glad that you are reviewing the PLANET OF THE APES CBS television series. "Escape From Tomorrow" pilot episode was exciting to me, as a young boy, simply because it was the fourth and ,sadly, final appearance of the A.N.S.A. spaceship prop in the POTA franchise. I would have loved it if the A.N.S.A. was never discovered by the Apes and, like in Land Of The Giants the Spindrift, was used by the astronauts as a shelter to take off in eventually.
    I definitely think it is not about the then current '74 Nixon/Watergate scandal at all, but about the science-fiction or science fact U.S. Government cover-up supposedly of the Roswell,NM flying saucer crash in 1947. It is about the '70s UFO obsession used in this Planet Of The Apes pilot episode and a secret cover-up to destroy the A.N.S.A. spaceship[Roswell flying saucer '47] and keep knowledge of the A.N.S.A. astronauts[Roswell extra-terrestrial greys bodies recovered in '47] a secret from the general populace. The government has always been blamed for cover-ups regarding aliens and UFOs since 1947.

    The New York City in the year 2505 book makes me wonder if this was an alternate timeline that this A.N.S.A. spaceship that departed Earth in 1980 five years after 1973 splashdown of Taylor's spaceship with Cornelius and Zira. Maybe in this timeline Taylor's spaceship did not return in 1973, so no CONQUEST or BATTLE in the 1990s without Zira's baby to ignite these events. It would instead delay the events of CONQUEST/BATTLE until after New York City in the year 2505 existing so the Apes could naturally evolve over a additional thousand years.


  3. Great insights as always.

    I own the series on DVD and you inspired me to revisit it as part of my preparations for "War", by far the most anticipated film of the year for me.

  4. Anonymous8:07 PM

    METV runs Planet of the Apes every Sunday morning as part of a block of classic sci-fi programs (including Land of the Giants, Time Tunnel, Lost in Space, and Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea).
    I found the first episode of Planet of the Apes to be fairly entertaining, despite its budgetary limitaions ( the Apes council room is certainly small-scale compared to the one in the '68 film). Although the set-up is interesting, things go downhill after the first ep. The series becomes rather pedestrian and unimaginative. The dullness isn't relieved by the total lack of any special effects (no fabulous matte-paintings as in Logan's Run). At least the first ep shows a glimpse of future New York in a book illustration
    Sad to say, I can see why the series was canceled after a few eps. Bad hair isn't restricted to cheap wigs. Ron Harper sports a lousy dye job too.

  5. I loved the series as a kid, and now own the series on DVD. I'm surprised this series only lasted half a season. The merchandising (namely the Mego action figure line) lasted longer than the tv show. I think I still have my Alan Virdon and Galen figures somewhere.

  6. Many thanks for taking this on. I love the POTA tele-series unreservedly and unashamedly. Just 12 when it came out, it was a much-needed jolt to my early Ape-Mania. I still remember how crushed I was at its cancellation.

    Just recently (last year), I rewatched all of them. Though certainly something of a failed experiment, I certainly think it would've gained greater traction and become more interesting had it been given more time. Leonard and Coleman were excellent, as was Naughton. (Harper, sadly, is rather dire.)

    I remember that the next Monday in school, a big topic of discussion is why a dog was there....